TABLE 2

Median concentrations of different cytokines in serum samples collected from children

CytokineMedian concn (pg/ml) in serum samples from:P value
Dead children (n = 5)aSurviving children (n = 25)b
IFN-γ2.220.940.0030
TNF-α1.230.760.0543
IL-1β1.1250.3850.0010
IL-20.8050.450.0012
IL-40.750.4250.0065
IL-50.590.220.0009
IL-62.331.840.0061
IL-82.241.240.0007
IL-103.652.340.0039
IL-12p700.380.220.0035
  • a Four children had CM, and 1 child had SMA.

  • b Children who survived after presenting with acute CM (n = 11) and SMA (n = 14).