TABLE 2

Analysis of cytokines in supernatant of SSA-stimulated PBMCs cultured for 144 h

CytokineMedian concn, pg/ml (SD)P value
Low-risk controls (n = 9)Giardia-exposed group (n = 19)
IL-1β0 (2.5)4.72 (5.26)0.007
IL-60 (0.0)265 (554)0.002
IL-100 (5.9)7.59 (17.8)0.02
IL-17A0 (0.0)11.5 (87.3)<0.001
IFN-γ0 (1,525)566 (3,931)0.02
sCD40L0 (0.0)6.99 (27.0)0.007
TNF-α28.9 (258)502 (594)0.006
IL-90 (0.0)0 (1.7)NSa
IL-130 (0.0)16.4 (86.8)0.013
GM-CSF0 (5.4)11.2 (70.4)0.011
MIP-1α0 (0.0)110 (327)0.002
MIP-1β0 (0.0)0 (986)NS
  • a NS, not significant.