Table 1

Characteristics of patients with sepsis

CharacteristicValue [mean (95% CI)a or no. (%) of patients (n = 135)]
Age (yrs)66.3 (62.8–69.8)
APACHE II score14.1 (12.8–15.3)
SOFA score4.2 (3.6–4.8)
Sex
    Male75 (55.6)
    Female60 (44.4)
Positive culture obtainedb48 (35.5)
Emergency department81 (60.0)
Intensive care unit54 (40.0)
In-hospital death26 (19.3)
Diagnosis
    Pneumonia65 (48.1)
    Urinary tract infection26 (19.3)
    Acute appendicitis6 (4.4)
    Acute cholecystitis6 (4.4)
    Undeterminedc5 (3.7)
    Acute cholangitis4 (3.0)
    Abscess4 (3.0)
    Acute diverticulitis3 (2.2)
    Cellulitis3 (2.2)
    Meningitis3 (2.2)
    Enterocolitis2 (1.5)
    Otherd8 (5.9)
Stages of sepsis
    Sepsis48 (35.6)
    Severe sepsis59 (43.7)
    Septic shock28 (20.7)
Organ failure
    Acute respiratory failure49 (36.3)
    Acute renal failure40 (29.6)
    Neurologic36 (26.7)
    Shock28 (20.7)
    Metabolic24 (17.8)
    Acute hepatic failure22 (16.3)
    Hematologic21 (15.6)
No. of organs with failure
    048 (35.6)
    123 (17.0)
    224 (17.8)
    321 (15.6)
    412 (8.9)
    54 (3.0)
    63 (2.2)
  • a Continuous variables are expressed as means (95% confidence intervals).

  • b Positive cultures included blood (n = 28), exudate (n = 14), urine (n = 12), sputum (n = 8), stool (n = 1).

  • c Undetermined sepsis represents the patient with fever and well-defined criteria of systemic inflammatory response without a well-defined septic focus. In our study, of the 5 patients with undetermined sepsis, 3 had positive blood cultures for E. Coli, one for S. Aureus, and one for S. hominis.

  • d Other diagnoses included one patient each with the following diagnoses: pelvic inflammatory disease, gangrene, malaria, intestinal ischemia, intestinal obstruction, acute pancreatitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and septic arthritis.