TABLE 5.

Group comparisons of mean cytokine levels based on qRT-PCR

CytokineMean cytokine level (relative quantity)a
Control (n = 20)CFS (n = 24)CFS with FM (n = 13)CFS without FM (n = 11)
IL-1β0.01 ± 0.000.01 ± 0.000.01 ± 0.000.01 ± 0.00
IL-41.00 ± 0.270.73 ± 0.210.53 ± 0.160.96 ± 0.41
IL-100.65 ± 0.180.39 ± 0.050.43 ± 0.070.34 ± 0.08
TNF-α0.82 ± 0.190.64 ± 0.070.58 ± 0.090.71 ± 0.13
  • a Values are means ± standard errors of the means of raw data. The statistical tests were conducted with logarithmic-transformed data.