TABLE 1.

Causes of and conditions associated with WBi results

AssociationStatusConditionReference(s)
SubjectsHIV and related infectionsEarly seroconversion 13, 25, 40, 65, 77
Advanced AIDS 6, 50
HIV-2 infection 25, 47
Abortive infection 31
Infection with deletion strains 69
Immunosilent AIDS 46
Divergent HIV/simian immunodeficiency virus 77
Other retroviral infectionHTLV infection 25
CAEV 91
Other medical conditionAutoimmue diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, primary Sjogren's syndrome) 2, 89, 90, 96
Leprosy 44
Malignancy 96
Elevated bilirubin, nucleoproteins, and rheumatoid factor 7
HLA 3
No infectionNoninfected children born to infected mothers 11
Recipients of unscreened products 30
Participant vaccine trial 45, 104
Donors with consistent WBi results 25, 26, 30, 104
Kit designHost cell proteins 20, 72, 73
Interpretation criteria 54, 87
Optimizations/consistency of kits 30, 58, 105
Assay processCross-contamination 39, 62
Test routine 39
Equipment 62
Sample treatment and hemolysis 16, 32, 42