TABLE 1.

Serological IgM and IgG results in the general population and in patients acutely infected with HEV genotype 1 and genotype 3

Group and testNo. of controls or patientsNo. (%) of samples positive for:
IgMIgGBoth IgM and IgG
Controls
    ELISA1674 (2.4)12 (7.2)2 (1.2)
    Blotting652 (3.1)22 (33.8)2 (3.1)
    Combineda1671 (0.5)6 (3.6)1 (0.5)
Genotype 1 patients
    ELISA83 (38)8 (100)3 (38)
    Blotting88 (100)8 (100)8 (100)
    Combineda88 (100)8 (100)8 (100)
Genotype 3 patients
    ELISA1616 (100)14 (88)14 (88)
    Blotting1614 (88)16 (100)14 (88)
    Combineda1614 (88)16 (100)14 (88)
  • a Combined results are from initial screening of samples by ELISA with only positive results confirmed by immunoblotting.