TABLE 1.

Epidemiology of Bartonella species

Bartonella sp.Yr of discovery (reference)Yr of first cultivation (reference)Reservoir (reference)Vector (reference)Current geographic distribution (reference)
B. bacilliformis1909 (63)1919 (63)Humans (27, 63)Phlebotomines (L. verrucarum) (2)Peru (63), Ecuador and Columbia (2), Bolivia and Chile (33), Oand Guatemala (33)
B. quintana1914 (59)1961 (69)Humans (69)Human body lice (Pediculus humanis corporis) (69)Worldwide (86)
B. talpae1905 (6)MolesUnited Kingdom (6)
B. peromysci1942 (6)Mice (Peromyscus spp.) (6)United States (6)
B. henselae1950 (25)1990 (89)CatsFleas (Ctenocephalides felis)Worldwide
B. clarridgeiae1995 (22)1995 (56)CatsFleas (Ctenocephalides felis)Cosmopolite (7, 38)
B. koehlerae1999 (30)1999 (30)Cats (supposed reservoir) (30)Fleas (supposed vectors) (30)California (30)
B. vinsonii subsp. vinsonii1946 (3)1996 (3)Voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus) (3)Canada (38)
B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii1995 (9)1995 (9)Dogs (9, 57)Fleas and ticksCosmopolite
B. vinsonii subsp. arupensis1999 (96)1999 (96)Cattle (96)
B. elizabethae1986 (24)1993 (24)Rats (5)Fleas
B. grahamii1995 (6)1995 (6)Rats (Clethrionomys glareolus) (6)United Kingdom (6)
B. taylori1995 (6)1995 (6)Rats (Apodemus spp.) (6)United Kingdom (6)
B. doshiae1995 (6)1995 (6)Rats (Microtus agrestis) (6)United Kingdom (6)
B. tribocorum1998 (41)1998 (41)Rats (Rattus rattus) (41)
B. alsatica1999 (40)1999 (40)Rabbits (40)Fleas or ticks (40)France (40)
B. weissii1999 (17)1999 (17)Deer, elk, beef, cattle (17)United States, France (17)
B. birtlesii2000 (4)2000 (4)Rats (Apodemus spp.) (4)France (4)