Table 1.

Clinical features and nutritional status of children on enrollment

Study group (n)No. male (%)Age (mo)aFrequency of stool/24 haFrequency of vomiting/24 haNo. with lower respiratory tract infection (%)Weight for age as % of NCHSb median (mean ± SD)Mean (±SD) serum albumin concn (g/liter)Plasma transferrin concna (mg/dl)
Uninfected children (13)7 (53.8)12.0 (10.5–16.5)NAc NANA72.7 ± 11.446.2 ± 3.2280.3 (221.6–341.2)
Children with AD (19)11 (57.9)10.0 (8.0–12.0)15.0 (9.0–20.0)2 (0–5)4 (21)73.6 ± 10.843.6 ± 3.8282.7 (211.1–430.7)
Children who developed PD (10)5 (50.0)9.0 (7.0–10.3)13.0 (12.0–22.5)3 (0–4)3 (30)77.1 ± 7.943.7 ± 5.1254.5 (180.0–329.3)
  Pd NSe 0.024f NSNSNSNSNSNS
  • a Values are medians (25th to 75th quartiles).

  • b National Centre for Health Statistics.

  • c Not applicable.

  • d Comparisons among the three groups were done by using one-way analysis of variance (continuous, parametric data) and the Kruskal-Wallis test (continuous, nonparametric data). Comparisons between two groups were done by using the Mann-Whitney U test; categorical data were compared by using the chi-square statistic.

  • e Not significant.

  • f Children who developed PD were significantly younger than uninfected children (P = 0.008).