Table 1.

Cytokine production by monocytes from preterm and full-term infants

Infant groupMean cytokine level ± SEM, pg/ml (no. of infants)
TNF-αIL-1βIL-6
Preterm6,875 ± 798a (14)2,310 ± 346 (8)8,189 ± 696 (14)
Full-term10,548 ± 996 (21)2,649 ± 168 (11)8,515 ± 427 (21)
  • a TNF-α production by LPS-stimulated monocytes from preterm infants was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than that of full-term infants.