TABLE 3.

Bacteria that induce macrophage apoptosis

Bacterial pathogenReference
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans58
Aeromonas hydrophila34
Bacillus anthracis95
Bordetella pertussis62
Brucella abortus33
Burkholderia cepacia52
Chlamydia psittaci91
Chlamydia trachomatis41
Clostridium difficile71
Escherichia coli K-1266
Francisella tularensis65
Helicobacter pylori37
Leptospira interrogans81
Mycobacterium avium9
Mycobacterium tuberculosis59
Parachlamydia acanthamoeba42
Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida25
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium46
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi109
Shigella dysenteriae102
Shigella flexneri127
Tropheryma whipplei19
Yersinia enterocolitica83
Yersinia pestis90
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis84
Vibrio vulnificans57